The main concern of Member States is jihadist terrorism and the closely related phenomenon of foreign terrorist fighters who travel to and from conflict zones.
Recent attacks in the EU demonstrate the intent and capability of jihadist terrorists to inflict mass casualties on urban populations in an effort to induce a high state of well-publicised terror.
The carefully planned attacks continue to demonstrate the elevated threat to the EU from an extremist minority, operationally based in the Middle East, combined with a network of people born and raised in the EU, often radicalised within a short space of time, who have proven willing and able to act as facilitators and active accomplices in terrorism.
The European Union (EU) Terrorism Situation and Trend Report (TE-SAT) 2020 seeks to record basic facts and assemble figures regarding terrorist attacks and arrests in the EU in 2019. It is based on quantitative and qualitative data on terrorist offences in the EU and data on arrests of people suspected of involvement in those offences, as confirmed by EU Member States1. In addition, Europol’s cooperation partners in third-party countries provide valuable qualitative information and assessments that enrich the findings of the report. The report also includes information on convictions and acquittals for terrorist offences provided by Eurojust based on data shared by EU Member States.
Terrorists’ ultimate goal is to undermine our societies and our democratic political systems. Terrorism generates fear, empowers political extremes and polarises societies. Europol’s EU Terrorism Situation and Trend report (TE-SAT), pulls together facts and figures on terrorist attacks and arrests in the EU in 2019:
– A total of 119 foiled, failed and completed terrorist attacks were reported by a total of 13 EU Member States;
– 1 004 individuals were arrested on suspicion of terrorism-related offences in 19 EU Member States, with Belgium, France, Italy, Spain and the UK reporting the highest numbers;
– Ten people died because of terrorist attacks in the EU and 27 people were injured.